A Correlation Study Between Facebook Usage and Self

Topics: Facebook, Self-esteem, The A-Team Pages: 6 (1168 words) Published: August 30, 2013
A Correlation Study Between Facebook Usage and Self Esteem
This study is focused on individual self-esteem of Facebook users. Based on previous correlation tests, evidence suggest that frequent Facebook users have a significantly different level of self-esteem from people who are infrequent users (CITE). For a classroom assignment, a team of students from the Experimental Psychology classroom hypothesized there would be a correlation between face book usage and individual self esteem. Methodology

Subjects:
Participants in this study were six students from the University’s experimental psychology online classroom. The designated team consisted of five women and one man with ages ranging between 32 and 57 years old. Each subject completed a survey containing 26 questions on face book use. Specific questions about self- esteem were singled out and converted to a ratio scale. The responses were rated from one to five, with one being the lowest and five being the highest. For the sake of having an experiment the yellow group guessed which face book users were infrequent and which face book users were infrequent based on their self esteem scores For this study an infrequent user was defined as someone who spends less than two hours per day on Facebook and frequent users as someone who spends more than two hours. Procedure:

After the survey was completed, the yellow group team members compiled the scores to calculate the T-score. The purpose was to find out whether there was a significant difference between the two groups regarding their self esteem. The team’s research required a mean. The mean results were as follows: S1=1.73 S2=12.3 K or DF=4 T= - .9148 T critical assuming a 95% accuracy=2.776 Since -.9148 < 2.776 the team rejected the null hypothesis (see table 1)

After the T-test scores had been calculated, the team calculated the F-Ratio for the four different groups. The team broke the data into the following categories: those under 40 years of age who were frequent face book users, those under 40 years of age who were infrequent face book users, those over 40 years of age who were frequent face book users and those over 40 years of age who were infrequent face book users.

The F-ratio showed that there was a correlation between self esteem and face book users however it does not show what the correlation is only that there is one. There was no correlation between age and self esteem. Some of the participants did not give us complete data and therefore the f-ratio was performed on four out of the six people.  Results:

The results were as follows: 0.3<3.94, so age has no significance on self-esteem or frequent and infrequent face book users. 23.4>3.94, so the level of face book use has no significant effect. 2.78<3.94, so there is not an interaction between the two. F(1,96)= 23.4, p<0.05 Statistically, the level of use has a significant effect on a person’s self esteem. (see table 2)

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References
Myers, A., & Hansen, C. (2006). Experimental psychology (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/ Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Appendix
Table 1 Compiled FaceBook Survey subject| 1| 2| 3| 4| 5| 6|
Questions| | | | | | |
5| 1| 1| 1| 1| 0| 4|
6| 1| 1| 1| 5| 2| 5|
12| 1| 0| 1| 0| 0| 0|
| | | | | | |
13| 1| 0| 1| 0| 0| 4|
14| 1| 0| 1| 0| 4| 4|
15| 1| 0| 1| 1| 0| 2|
16| 1| 0| 1| 4| 4| 5|
20| 1| 1| 1| 0| 0| 4|
| | | | | | |
21| 1| 0| 1| 4| 2| 0|
22| 5| 0| 5| 4| 1| 1|
Total Subject Score| 14| 3| 14| 13| 13| 29| |
Note: We are counting neutral as a score of zero to reflect infrequent FB use.|...

References: Myers, A., & Hansen, C. (2006). Experimental psychology (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/ Wadsworth Publishing Co.
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