A comparison of Canada's Health care system to Japan's Health care System by using performance indicators.
Life Expectancy and Quality of Life
"Japan spends much less per person on health care than Canada and its citizens live longer than Canadians."( www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca) For example, in 2001, Canadian men and women on average live to 77 years and 82 years respectively, while Japanese men and women on average live to 78 years and 85 years respectively (Conference Board, 102). Meanwhile in 2001, Japan spent $1984 US per person whereas Canada spent $2719 (2789777.pdf, 4). However, life expectancy does not tell if people are aging comfortably without disabilities. In 1996, Canadian men and women on average appreciated a disability free life until 66.9 years (men) and 70.2 years (women) (Conference Board, 103). However, in 1990, Japanese men and women on average enjoyed a disability free life until age 74.2 years (men) and 78.7 (women) (Conference Board, 103). This data tells us that Japan's females live 93% of their life with no disability whereas Canadian women only live 83% of their life without disability. Another interesting piece of data is the Self-reported health status, is a resource that informs us of how citizens feel about their health. Canadians mostly believe that they are healthy, 85% claim to have good or better health (Conference Board, 104). We are only second in this belief to the United States, 86% of its citizen's claim to have good or excellent health (Conference Board, 104). Strangely, only 40% of Japanese claim to have good or excellent health (Conference Board, 104). Finally, Japan's infant mortality rate is low at 3.1 per 1000 live births, it is only second to Iceland 2.7(Conference Board, 104). Meanwhile, Canada's infant mortality rate is 5.3 per 1000 live births and we are ranked 16th overall, but a decade ago we were 5th in this category (Conference Board, 105).In 2005, Nunavut has the highest rate of infant mortality at 13.5...
References: www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca. How Should Performance of The Canadian Health System Be Measured?. Website: http://www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca/~cahr/news/vol19/perform.html Date Viewed: March 13, 2007.
2789777.pdf, 4. OECD Health Data 2003. Website: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/10/20/2789777.pdf Date Viewed: March 13, 2007
Conference Board. Understanding Health Care Cost Drivers and Escalators. PDF format. Website: http://www.health.gov.ab.ca/resouces/publications/conference_board.pdf Date viewed: March 13, 2007
www.moh.govt.nz Health Outcomes Website: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/0/15f5c5045e7a1dd4cc256b6b0002b038?OpenDocument Date viewed: March 13, 2007
OECD Health data 2006. OECD Health data 2006 Trial Version (offered on the OECD website). Date Viewed: March 14, 2007.
Hird. Working with Economics: A Canadian Framework. 6th edition. By Richard Hird. Prentice Hall, Toronto 2002.
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