What challenges has urban growth in the LEDW created and how are those being addressed?
“The city is not a concrete jungle. It's a human zoo.
Desmond Morris ” Cairo
Cairo the capital of Egypt is one of the world's largest urban areas. Cairo is an amazing city full of life and movement, and it is that way almost 24 hours every day. Like every megacity, Cairo has its own problems. The high rate of crime, a noisy and busy traffic. All external factors afford to the Cairo challenges. The urban growth expands very fast in last 10 as a result, many countries have urban primacy. The big and the main problem of Cairo is the overcrowding. There is no space in to live in the city. For Egypt and Cairo one cause of the rapid increase in population has been the low mortality rate combined with a higher birth rate. In average a low death rate, which means that people are having more children and die slowly. This has contributed to the population increase as well. The death is a very important element of the urban regeneration. If the people die faster then the young ones move there and the city is moving, changing
The Cairo recycling system is very developed. Why it is so efficient and who benefits from it? All the rubbish from the city is collected and deposited out of the it. After this, the Zabbaleen or People of the Rubbish collect it and choose after this they recycle it. This system is remarkably efficient because all of work is done manually. These people are vital to the day-to-day running of the city. Many other industries depend from Zabbaleen work. Iron, plastic, glace and others appreciate their work. However for us it sounds strange like to collect the rubbish but for them it is a normal thing, even they are respected in the society because they provide a valuable service. The growth of Cairo has had effect on the zabbaleen in that the city growth causes more people to seek work as zabbaleen, being a low quality job many people must come from outside the city, that contributing to urban growth. Zabbaleen also have a direct influence in air quality, collecting the rubbish, they recycle it, but if it is not collected it will be burned, this issue affects a lot air already polluted of Cairo. Through the Zabbaleen activity Cairo successfully, fight with the challenge of the big amount of city garbage. Also, keep a part of population with an occupation. The city dramatically expanded in the green part of the desert. The businessmen built the big flats in the green zone in a search for bigger income. The green zone is more appreciated than the dessert. Even a local man affirms that the old people said to not build in the oasis, the people have to enjoy it. Another illegality with the housing is that against the law the people build houses higher than six floors. Security is ignored. The bribery is a big challenge for Cairo. However, the problem the problem of slums is not to concentrate. Fighting with that challenge the government strategy is proficient. Expand the city into the dessert. They attract the people there by providing the good conditions of life: water electricity, water and gas. Some people are attracted there because they can escape from the noisy and polluted city. Some of them don’t like this solution because it is too far from the city, but authorities encourage the people to live there by building the metro. The square settlement is a good solution to encourage the people to live outside the city, having good conditions, they invest in that area. I think that Cairo authorities have to invest more and more in suburban areas. Building schools, providing all needs the problem of agglomeration in city will be solved. It is great the thing that in suburban areas kids are involved in recycling work. Being a megacity the problems faced to Cairo can be solved efficiently if the authorities invest more. Expanding the city in...
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