Urbanization Urban Development Manage

Topics: Population, City, Demography Pages: 77 (2954 words) Published: January 17, 2015
Urbanization & Urban
Development
Management
Block I
Urbanization & Urban Expansion

1

Urbanization & Urban Development
Management
Introduction to Module
• Module

Description

• Basic core concepts of Urban Development Studies
• Urban,

Urbanization, Urban Expansion

• Sustainable Urban Development
• Integrated and Strategic Urban Management

2

Module Description ( cont.…)
• Issues of urbanization & urban development
• Factors

, opportunities & challenges of Urbanization

• Focus on Urban Expansion Trends
• Tools of Urban Development Management
• Sustainable Urban Development
• Integrated and Strategic Urban Management
• Urban Development Policy & Urban Planning
• Infrastructure & Land Development Role in UD
• Challenges and measures of climate change

3

Learning outcomes of the Module
At the end of this block, participants will be able to:
• explain concepts of Urbanization & Urban Development
• discus issues of Urbanization:
• Urban Expansion,

Climatic change, Urban Infrastructure,

Urban
Land Development

• analyze urban development form sustainable development
view
• explain Urban Management Tools
• Sustainable Urban Development

• Integrated and Strategic Urban Management
• Urban Development Policy & Urban Planning
4

Structure of the Module
This module has four blocks
1. Block I : Urbanization & Urban Expansion ( 5)
2. Block II: Integrated Urban Development (4)
3. Block III: Urban Ecosystems & Basic Climate
Change (4)
4. Block IV. Tools for Managing Sustainable Urban
Development (3)

5

Assessment of the Module
1. Block I : Quiz & Debate …..15%


Quiz……………..10%



Debate……………5%


Group Debate on Containment & Expansion
Policies

2. Block II: Group Project……20%
3. Block III: Test………………25%
4. Block IV. Module Paper……35%
6

Urbanization & Urban Development
Management
Contents of Block I : Urbanization & Urban Expansion
1. Introduction: Basic concepts of Urbanization
2. Urbanization in historical perspective
3. The Global Hierarchy of Cities
4. Terms with Global Urban Expansion

7

1. Introduction

8

• Urban

1. Introduction
1.1 Basic Concepts of
Urbanization

• The definition of ‘urban’ varies from country to country • An urban area can be defined by one or more of the
following
• No of Population
• Density
• Economic Activity
• Infrastructure & Services
• Legal Proclamation

9

Basic Concepts of Urbanization (cont…)
Examples of Definitions of Urban
• Ethiopia: Localities of 2 000 or more inhabitant
• Zambia: Localities of 5 000 or more inhabitants, the
majority of whom all depend on non-agricultural activities.
• Canada: Places of 1 000 or more inhabitants, having a
population density of 400 or more per square kilometer.
• Swaziland: Localities proclaimed as urban.
• Nicaragua: Administrative centres of municipalities and
localities of 1 000 or more inhabitants with streets and
electric light.
10

Basic Concepts of Urbanization (cont…)
• Urbanization
• The process of increase of a proportion of a country’s population lives in urban areas.
• Level of Urbanization
• The

percentage of the total population of a country living
in urban areas
• Rate of Urbanization
• Rate of change of the size of the urban population over

the given period of time
• Calculated as the rate of growth of the urban population minus that of the total population.
• Positive rates of urbanization result when the urban
population grows at a faster rate than the total

Basic Concepts of Urbanization (cont…)
• Ethiopia
• Level of Urbanization = 17% ( 2011 up to 2013)
• Total Population of Ethiopia = 88,627,025 (2011 est.)
• Urban population= 88,627,025 x 17%
= 88,627,025 x 0.17
= 15,066,594
• Rural population = 88,627,025 – 15,066,594
= 73,560, 431
12

Basic Concepts of Urbanization (cont…)
• Ethiopia
• Level of Urbanization = 17% ( 2011)
• Rate of urbanization:=3.57%...
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