The effects of population density

Topics: Population, Noise pollution, Urban area Pages: 5 (1460 words) Published: April 9, 2014
The Effects of Population Density

PSY/460 April 7, 2014
The Effects of Population Density
You can find noise and pollution in nearly all major cities. Noise in general can be a serious issue for some, even though others feel more connected if the existence of life is present. As population increase in the city, so does congestion. Sadly, because of population growth, the need for territoriality, privacy, and personal space are drastically affected. All creation has personal space needs; however, having specific areas designated to keep people and animals separated is just as important as the need. Because obtaining that desired quality space maybe limited, it affects the level of noise and noise can be very difficult to maintain at an easy ear level. Noise has a psychological effect and is crucial for the development and livelihood of people. The situation can also have a dramatic affect on young children. The more locally we become urban like it, noise pollution rises. Later, this will limit personal space. Concepts of Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space The number of people living per square miles of an area is known as population density (Dictionary.com, 2011). When population density begin to escalate it causes an expansion in noise and pollution. However, some individuals are fortunate enough to live in areas that have local laws that help to control noise and pollution. Yet for some, in small and larger urban areas different factors over a period of time become a problem and may not fall under those guidelines. Territoriality, privacy, personal space, and noise shape urbanization. By next year, it has been estimated that most individuals will live in metropolitan cities. (Urban Environment, 2004). Territory is a pattern of boundaries imposed on something by individual decision or group agreement. People take this very serious because in some communities, life sustaining activities surrounds their territory (Territoriality, 2004). However, there are times when human needs are given less attention on survival but focus more on status, solitude, and privacy (Territoriality, 2011). Along with territory, people want their privacy. The concept of privacy is the means by which people use to control their actions with others, particularly information that is considered confidential and intimate (Privacy, 2011). This can be associated with any part of a person's life. For example, an individual may choose to close the curtains in their home for a sense of privacy. Not only do people do this for privacy, but many do this for safety reason. So,even though privacy is an important factor, people take personal space just as serious. Personal space is that invisible zone that surrounds the body (Personal Space, 2011).

Population Growth Increases Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space
Whenever there is a rise in population growth; territoriality, privacy, and personal space are affected. A community that has become larger because of urbanization causes limitation of space for people. The increase in population is the breeding ground for crime. Wherever there is more people than space allows, crime will increase.

It has been said that a man's home is his castle and people will do whatever it takes to protect his territorial possessions. One the other hand, the grocery story in our community is a secondary territory, even though it is opened to the public, there are confidentialities for regular customers (Territoriality. 2004). Because society is still expanding, privacy and personal space becomes factors in territorialities. The misfortune in this matter is the fact that...

References: American Planning Association (2011). How cities use parks to improve public health. Retrieved from http://www.planning.org
Berg, A., Hartig, H. (2007). Preference for nature in urbanized societies. Journal of social issues.EBSCOHost. Vol 63, No. 1, 2007, pp. 79-96.
Dictionary.com (2011). Population Density. Retrieved from dictionary.reference.com

In Encyclopedia of Allied Psychology (2004). Personal Space Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com
In Encyclopedia of Allied Psychology (2004). Privacy. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com
In Encyclopedia of Allied Psychology (2004). Territoriality. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com
Miedema, H. (2007). Annoyance caused by environmental noise: Evidence based noise policies.
Weiss, R. (2007). Noise pollution takes toll on health and happiness. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com
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