Social Influences On Behavior Week 5 FINALS PSY 300

Topics: Psychology, Ethanol, Alcoholic beverage Pages: 4 (1156 words) Published: April 11, 2015


Social Influences on Behavior
Paul Jay Keys
PSY/300 General Psychology
March 17th, 2015
Mrs. Angelique Grady
University of Phoenix

There are many contributing factors that can influence an individual’s behavior, and social psychology helps us understand the manner by which individuals think and how that thought is influenced as it relates to other individuals. Behaviorism is one of the four major schools of psychology that strives to explain the means by which behavior can be learned and developed through environmental factors. “In psychology there have been countless experiments on social behavioral patterns in different sized groups to better assess how individuals will react in a situation with social pressure. These experiments prove a variety of different reactions, from minimal change to extreme changes in social behavior. ”. (Kowalski & Westen, 2011) These studies are vital when attempting to evaluate certain circumstances with the use of group behavior, however, these studies cannot always prepare an individual for all circumstances. Social behavior changes from day to day, and these changes often go unseen either because the change is to be expected or because it may be thought of as innocent. Some examples where this change can happen would be sexual arousal, lying and stereotyping; all which can be influenced by an individual’s environment or circumstance. Behavior is influenced by external factors as early as childhood, as during an individual’s childhood they develop their behavior on the basis consequences; when they are punished they tend to stray from such behavior whereas when they are rewarded they tend to mimic the behavior that earned them such reward. Obedience is one example of how behavior is affected by consequences, whereas a child acts out of the consideration of proper conduct is punished and a child that conducts themselves within the accordance of proper conduct they are rewarded....

References: Alcohol and Its Effects on Behavior. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.addictioninfo.org/articles/1890/1/Alcohol-and-Its-Effects-on-Behavior/Page1.html
Kowalski, R. & Westen, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley
Kowalski, R, & Westen, D (2011). Psychology (6th ed.)
McLeod, S. (2007). Obedience to Authority. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/obedience.html
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (2011). Introduction to the holocaust. Retrieved March 19, 2011, from http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143
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