Role and Status of Women in Nepalese Society

Topics: Population, Demography, Gender Pages: 22 (6154 words) Published: June 3, 2013
THE ROLE AND STATUS OF WOMEN IN NEPALESE SOCIETY

Submitted to:
Dr. Ek Raj Ojha
Kathmandu College of Management

Submitted by:
Pragya Uprety
Rabi Rayamajhi
Manish Agrawal
BBA Third Semester

December 5, 2005

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

“The role and status of women in Nepalese society “ is a group report presented for the partial fulfillment of the course of economic development. This report contains facts and figures that provide insight on the condition of majority of women in Nepal in the past as well as in the present. Moreover, it also highlights and emphasizes their role and importance in the context of economic development of the nation.

We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all who have directly and indirectly co-operated with us in the preparation of this report. Specially, we would like to thank our college, Kathmandu College of Management (KCM) and Dr. Ek Raj Ojha , our course instructor for providing us with this opportunity. Lastly, we’d like thank Mr. Sujan karki for providing us with some of the references that proved to be of immense use while preparing this report.

Sincerely,

Pragya Uprety
Rabi Rayamajhi
Manish Agrawal and
Anurag Joshi

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………2

II. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………..5
A. The Urgency………………………………………………………………..6
B. Key facts……………………………………………………………………8

III. STATUS OF WOMEN IN NEPALESE SOCIETY……………………………….9 A. Population ………………………………………………………………...9 B. Access To Economic Resources…………………………………………..10 C. Access To Knowledge…………………………………………………….11 D. Employment……………………………………………………………….12 E. Health ……………………………………………………………………..14 F. Autonomy………………………………………………………………….16 G. Trafficking…………………………………………………………………16 H. Political Participation……………………………………………………....17

IV. ROLE OF WOMEN IN NEPALESE SOCIETY………………………………….17 A. Health And Education……………………………………………………...18 B. Agriculture…………………………………………………………………18 C. Crop Production…………………………………………………………….18 D. Forestry……………………………………………………………………..19 E. Livestock……………………………………………………………………19 F. Environment………………………………………………………………...19 G. Rural Production……………………………………………………………20 H. Food Security………………………………………………………………..20 I. Tourism……………………………………………………………………...20 J. Limitation to the role of women…………………..………………………...21

V. CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………………..22

VI. REFRENCES………………………………………………………………………...23

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

TABLE 1. Percentage Distribution of Total Population and Sex Ratio in Different Ecological Regions of Nepal……………………………………………..9 TABLE 2: Borrowings from Formal & Informal Sources………………………....10 TABLE 3: Literacy Rates in Rural and Urban Areas by Sex ……………………..11 (1981–1997) TABLE 4: Economic Participation Rates by Sex…………………………………12 TABLE 5: Percentage Distribution of the Employed Population (Aged 10+ years) by Major Occupational Groups, Nepal 1991……………………….12. TABLE 6: Employment Status of Economically Active Population ……………..13 by Sex 1991 TABLE 7: Women in Tourism and Related Industries (1988)……………………13 TABLE 8: Female Wage Rates as Proportion of Male Wage ……………………14 Rates TABLE 9: Selected Development Indicators 1991…………………………………15 TABLE 10: Maternal Mortality Rate/1000 live births……………………………….15 TABLE 11: Sex Differentials in Children’s Nutritional Status……………………..15 TABLE 12: Wives’ Perceptions Towards Gender Roles and Duties………………16

( INTRODUCTION

Since the early days of the Industrial Revolution women in Europe and North America have made considerable progress towards equality with men. It must be remembered, of course, that the relatively liberated and affluent women...
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