Population - Past and Present

Topics: Population, Demography, World population Pages: 2 (678 words) Published: October 5, 2014
The Global population is currently over 7 billion. The biggest contributors to the world’s population are China and India, they both have populations of over 1 billion and China contains 19% of the population whilst India contains 17.4%. The highest populated continents are Asia and Africa, which are continents that most of the LEDCs are from. Asia has a population of over 4 billion and Africa has a population of over 1 billion, which makes up more than half of the world’s population. The population in these countries and continents are continuing to rise which could cause problems in the future as countries may start to become over-populated and not have enough resources to provide for all their citizens. The reason for the population being so high in the less economically developed continents is because of a much larger birth rate in these places. Reasons for this include the fact that people in LEDCs are not as well educated as people in MEDCs and so are less practical when it comes to having children, for example, the fertility rate in 2011 in Nigeria was 5.49, whereas in the UK it was 1.98 children. Another reason for these high fertility rates is because children are more needed in LEDCs than MEDCs. The reason for this is that in LEDCs a common job for people living in poverty is farming and so couples will need to have lots of children to help them on their farm, whereas in MEDCs a common job for people is office-based work in a city where workers can do their job easily on their own and so it would make more sense for them to have smaller families as it would save them money. In more economically developed continents such as Europe and North America, they have a much lower population that the less developed, with Europe having a population of over 700 million and North America having a population of over 300 million. The reason for the population being much lower in places like this is because they have low birth rates, the reason for this I have...
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