population and development

Topics: Demography, Population growth, Population Pages: 18 (3584 words) Published: January 10, 2014
Letter Of Transmittal

Dear Sir

According to the requirement of the course and your assignment to us, I worked on the topic “Population and development”. I made this paper based on different web pages. I covered the major sector rather researching on all issues.

I wish that this assignment will help to get some ideas on the solutions of some of the issues related to the Population and development.

Introduction

Population dynamics is one of the pre-eminent issues of the 21st century. It affects different countries in very different ways. Lasting solutions, for the benefit of all, can be found only through common understanding. Population dynamics will critically influence each pillar of sustainable development - social, economic and environmental. Its consideration is central to any future development agenda especially since it core element of four interlinked mega-trends: High population growth and large youth populations in some countries, mostly in developing countries Declining populations and rapid ageing in other countries, mostly in developed countries Increased human mobility and international migration

Rapid urbanization and growing mega-cities

These trends affect all aspects of economic, social and political life, and have far-reaching implications. They lead to global challenges affecting different nations and groups of population in quite distinct ways. While the world’s poorest countries continue to have high population growth, others are facing rapid population aging, and some are seeing a decline in population.

Furthermore, most of the countries, independent of their development level, are witnessing an accelerating internal and international migration, and rapidly expanding urban areas. Therefore, the question, today, is not why population dynamics should be integrated in the Post-2015 Development Agenda, but how. Considering the current ecological state of the world, this question needs to be answered urgently. It needs to be answered now!

Population dynamics will change the way people live and what people consume, and will affect every aspect of business. Population dynamics will determine macroeconomic developments, labour markets, employment, skills and labour shortages, income distribution, poverty, social protection and pensions.

It is clear that the dynamics of the global population need approaches that go beyond national responses. We live in an interconnected world. Responses are to be found jointly, taking into account the principle of shared costs and shared benefits. A partnership oriented evolution is needed — partnerships that are global and regional; partnerships amongst and between governments, international organizations, civil society, social partners, private sector and academia; partnerships that provide technical and financial assistance; partnerships that promote the exchange and awareness building of best practices; and partnerships that seize the opportunities and address the consequences of population dynamics in its entirety. Population dynamics is, therefore, neither about the global north vs. the global south, nor is it about the developed vs. developing countries.

Relationship between Population and Development

Conceptually, population, in terms of quality and quantity, and development, in terms of resource potentials and choices, are interrelated and interdependent. The interrelationship between population and development, though complex, is understood mostly by the concept that “development is a continuous process with an aim to improving the well-being of the people.” The concept of development thus presupposes that while a healthy, well-nourished, well-educated and skilled labour force is the best foundation for sustainable development, the development efforts of a nation need to increase people’s development choices with regard to quality of life, education, health, environment, etc. in order to enable them to render further contribution to...

References: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS); (2008): Report on Sample Vital Registration System, 2007, Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh.
Coale Ansley J and Edger Hoover, (1958): Population Growth and Economic Development in Low- Income Countries.
General Economics Division, Planning Commission; (2008): Moving Ahead: National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II (FY 2009-11). Dhaka: Planning Commission, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Planning Commission, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Rural Development Cooperative Division, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
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