There’s Too Many People!
Overpopulation takes place when the population density goes beyond the capability of the environment to provide health requirements of people. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), environments have been threatened by the dramatic growth of human population. The agency stated that overpopulation, desertification, deforestation, global warming, and pollution of the environment are the major contributors of environmental threatening. The agency claimed that overpopulation is the worst case in the world. For example, results from the Census Bureau suggest that almost 1.8 billion people are competing for the limited resources in India. The United State Census Bureau suggested that such rapid population growth in India is also noticed in American and African countries and this is a gate way to overpopulation. Researchers conducted research on population in 1999 and the world population was above 6 billion. This can be a good estimation of the next population in vision 2030s. Statistics estimated showed that the population could be about 2.4 billion more people on the environment in 2030s. People will struggle to look for natural resources in the remaining limited space in order to survive. For this reason, government combined with the efforts of the Census Bureau need to solve the issue of overpopulation in order to prevent some of the problems that can result from overpopulation. The paper analyzes the problems associated with overpopulation and the effect it will have on the Earth. Overpopulation is caused by a number of factors. To start with, decline in death rate has contributed to the gradual growth of population in the world. The difference in birth rate and death rate is the root of overpopulation. Population will only be stable if the number of children born in each year is equal to the number of adults who die in the same year. Also, improved medical facilities contribute to the rapid growth of population in the word. Focusing on the industrial revolution, technology advancement was the major reason for the imbalance of population. Better means of producing food was invented by the scientists. This allowed families to feed properly. Medical science invented various discoveries that were essential in defeating most of the diseases. Illness that was killing many people was cured during the revolution since vaccines were available. An increase in supply of food and better medical facilities led to low mortality rate, thus creating a gate-way to overpopulation. Besides, more hands that were brought together by different governments contributed to the rapid population growth rate. More hands from different government helped to overcome poverty in the society. Thousands of years back, fewer families had enough money to sustain their living. The rest of the families faced poverty with high birth rate. This led to high infant mortality among the poor families. Families that were facing natural disasters and poverty were assisted. Through this assistance, many children survived leading to overpopulation. Moreover, technology advancement in the fertility treatment contributed to the gradual increase in population in the world. The current effective medicines can boost the chances of conception. This automatically leads to high birth rate, thus increasing the population. The new and effective technology has also made pregnancy easy and safer compared to the past years (Russell, p. 1171-1172, 1970) Immigration is also another factor contributing to the current overpopulation. Most of the people currently prefer to move to the more developed countries like United Kingdom, United State, Australia, and Canada in order to get the better facilities in terms of security, medical services, employment, and education. This result to overcrowding of the people in the most developed countries. The overpopulated country end up suffering from clothes, food, and energy since there is a high...
Cited: Bangert, R. K. (2003). Overpopulation Overlooked. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1(5), 234.
Russell, E. W. (1970). Overpopulation.. American Psychologist, 25(12), 1171-1172.
Zeaman, J. (2002). Overpopulation. New York: Franklin Watts.
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