Industrialization

Topics: Population, Unemployment, Demography Pages: 7 (1770 words) Published: September 7, 2013
Vannesha Mae – 10 Andromeda
Vannesha Mae – 10 Andromeda
Indonesia VS China
Why isn’t Indonesia an NIE like China and other country? Explained in this essay by several indicators based on human factor and physical factor.

Indonesia VS China
Why isn’t Indonesia an NIE like China and other country? Explained in this essay by several indicators based on human factor and physical factor.

Global Inequality
Global Inequality

Table Of Content

1. Introduction
2. Theory Background
3. Indicators
4. Analysis
5. Other Factors
6. References

Introduction

In this essay I am going to talk about Indonesia and an NIE country, which is China. Starting with theoretical background, I am going to explain first the meanings of each terminologies such as; what is industry, human factor, physical factor and explain each indicators from both factor to explain why isn’t Indonesia an NIE. An analysis will also be written to end the essay. Theory Background

An NIE is a country that starts to move to industry production rather than agriculture based. Industry itself is basically a business activity. It has 4 sectors, which are; primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary. Primary: works in raw materials such as wood, agriculture, fishery, etc. Secondary: works in the process from the primary, including producing goods like sewing, milk fermentation, etc. Tertiary: more to the services like delivery, school and many more. Quaternary: works on information and technology. Helping back the secondary sector in order to produce the goods. Human factors are several factors that influence the industry. Those are capital, labor, government, market, transportation and technology. Capital: main material/ the money to create an industry.

Labor: plays an important role in an industry. the one who makes the industry works. Government: usually related with the policies in importing, exporting and custom stuffs. Market: where transaction happen/ people who consume or buy the products. Transportation: helps in delivery, exports and import.

Technology: really helps in producing part to make the production faster and easier. Physical factors are other factors including raw materials, land and energy that influence the industry. These factors influence more to the location, main materials and energy use like electricity, Indicators

Labor
China has the largest number of population in the world, and their unemployment rate is 4.2%. Compared to Indonesia, they have which has the lower number of population but their rate of unemployment is 9.9%. As we can see the data is so significant. The common factor of this is that there are not enough company or industry to employ all the underemployment.

Market
It is a group of people that purchase/ consume the product from the industry. For this indicator, I take the example from the GDP each country has. China has a very high number with $10,210,000,000,000.00 and in the 3rd rank in the world while Indonesia is in the 16th rank with $948,300,000,000.00 GDP/ year income.

Government
For the tax policy, each government has its own advantages. In Indonesia it only takes about 3 days while we have to wait for the custom clear in China for 6 days. But then, if we talk about the percentage of tax, China has 3% of advantage. They only take about 25% while Indonesia takes 28% of the taxation.

Transportation
For transportation, China has more numbers than Indonesia. For example, the flight departure number from China is 840,900 while Indonesia has only 169,900, which is 4 times lesser than China. Another example is, for the containerization, China has 88,548,470 TEU while Indonesia has 5,503,176 TEU.

Technology
Talking about technology, I take the example from Internet use. China is known as the country that blocks social networks such as Facebook. But that doesn’t mean the subscribers number is low, surprisingly, China has more number with 5,367,000 subscribers in 2002,...

References: 1. Encyclopedia of the Nations. (2012). China - Agriculture . Retrieved October 7, 2012, from Encyclopedia of the Nations:
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/China-AGRICULTURE.html
2. Encyclopedia of the Nations. (2012). Indonesia. Retrieved October 7, 2012, from Encyclopedia of the Nations: http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Indonesia.html
3. IndexMundi. (2012). Indonesia Death Rate. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from IndexMundi: http://www.indexmundi.com/indonesia/death_rate.html
4. Nation Master. (2012). Indonesia - China Mortality Rate. Retrieved October 5, 2012, from Nation Master: http://www.nationmaster.com/compare/China/Indonesia/Mortality
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