The Demographic Data and Future of Honduras
Honduras is a Central American country, located North of Nicaragua, south of Guatemala, and East of El Salvador. The country of Honduras spans an area of 112,492 square kilometers (Encyclopedia of the Nations). The country has a population of 8.4 million people, as of 2012 (Population Reference Bureau). Ethnically speaking the country is dominated by the Mestizo ethnicity, with it making up 90% of the total population (Ethnicity and Race By Country). According different indicators, the country of Honduras is seeing a tremendous growth in young population. Honduras has a relatively large population base for the geographic size of the country. According to the 2012 World Reference Bureau population data sheet, the youth dependency ratio (YDR) in Honduras is 65.52% (Population Reference Bureau). In this study, a youthful person was defined as someone from ages 0-15. This ratio means that for every 100 working adults, ages (15-64), there are 65.52 dependent youth, needing to be provided for. The youth dependency ratio is calculated by dividing the percent of the population under 15, by the percent of the population between ages 15-64, giving a ratio. Compared to the world average of 39.39%, the YDR of Honduras is very high (Population Reference Bureau). This indicates that Honduras has a very youthful population. This is also evident through the elderly dependency ratio (EDR). The EDR is calculated by dividing the percent of elders (those of 65 years or older) by the percent of population between 15 and 64 years. The EDR for Honduras is 6.90% and the world average is around 12.12% (World Population Bureau). This tells us that Honduras does not have many dependent elders. From this information, it can be concluded that Honduras has a very large and youthful population base and a relatively small elder population base. This means the country has experienced tremendous and significant growth within the last few...
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