36.74 yrs) arrested for driving while intoxicated (DWI). Five subtypes were defined through cluster analysis of driving-attitudinal, personality, and hostility measures. Two subtypes were found to have particularly high levels of risk-enhancing traits. The first was characterized by the highest levels of depression and resentment as well as the lowest levels of assertiveness, emotional adjustment, and perceived control. The second was characterized by the highest levels of driving-related aggression, competitive speed, sensation seeking, assaultiveness, irritability, and indirect and verbal hostility. Subsequent analyses indicated that these 2 subtypes were also of lower social position, heavier drinkers, and had higher risks of accident involvement in comparison to the remaining clusters. Results are discussed with respect to the need for differential assessment and treatment approaches when dealing with a DWI population. (48 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved However, in order to more effectively reduce the magnitude of persons engaging in drinking and driving, it is important to first discern the type of individual violating these legal sanctions. Hence, the purpose of this study is to: (1) examine the personal characteristics of DWI offenders attending a court mandated DWI education course; (2) assess the drinking problem reported among these offenders; and (3) examine the gender and ethnic differences in relation to offender drinking problems and characteristics. Results can provide information for designing culturally appropriate and gender specific intervention programs to combat this major public health concern.
This is a retrospective analysis of data gathered from DWI offenders enrolled in a court mandated DWI education program at the Center for Alcohol and Drug Education Studies at Texas A&M University. Analyzed data embodied offender self-report assessment surveys. The sample constituted 199 DWI offenders...
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