Female infanticide

Topics: Gender, Population, Sex Pages: 5 (761 words) Published: March 8, 2014
Diffrnce in female infanticide and foeticide
Oct 2012 article http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-loses-3-million-girls-in-infanticide/article3981575.ece Latest : june 2013http://digitaljournal.com/article/353738
Rural/urban : http://lawquestinternational.com/alarming-sex-ratio-and-problem-female-foeticide-and-infanticide-india India and china http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/abortion/medical/infanticide_1.shtml

Website on infanticide >> http://sites.google.com/a/mtholyoke.edu/female-foeticide/artifact-3

Overview:

It is a deliberate and intentional act of killing a female child within one year of its birth either directly by using poisonous organic and inorganic chemicals or indirectly by deliberate neglect to feed the infant by either one of the parents or other family members or neighbours or by the midwife.

Poverty, ignorance of family planning, cost of dowry, etc. have been reported as the possible causes for this crime.

Dowry system has been prohibited by law since 1961.
Pre-natal sex-determination was banned in India in 1994, under the Pre-conception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act.

Origin:

This process began in the early 1990s when ultrasound techniques gained widespread use in India. There was a tendency for families to continuously produce children until a male child was born.  The government initially supported the practice to control population growth. The Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act was passed in 1994, making sex-selective abortion illegal. It was then modified in 2003 holding medical professionals legally responsible. However, the PCPNDT Act has been poorly enforced by authorities.

Possible Findings:

Since 1991, 80% of districts in India have recorded an increasingly masculine sex ratio with the state of Punjab having the most masculine sex ratio.[2] According to the decennial Indian census, the sex ratio in the 0-6 age group in India went from 104.0 males per 100 females in 1981, to 105.8 in 1991, to 107.8 in 2001, to 109.4 in 2011.

According to 2011 Census, the rate at which the unborn female child is killed amounts to killing off 10,00,000 girls a year.(Source: satyameva jayate)

Read more at: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/satyamev-jayate-aamir-khan-female-foeticide/1/187581.html

In 2011, 15,000 Indian women were bought and sold as brides in areas where foeticide has led to a lack of women

Foetal sex determination and sex-selective abortion by medical professionals has grown into a INR 1, 000 crore industry. Provisional data released by the census office shows that the child sex ratio (0-6 years) has declined to 914 girls for every 1,000 boys as compared to 927 in 2001. The divide between the north and south has got even starker with the child sex ratio in Jammu and Kashmir falling precipitously to 859, making it the third worst state after Haryana and Punjab. Report by BBC “India’s unwanted girls” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13264301 Courtesy: bbc.co.uk

As per the Indian Census 2011 report, the sex ratio of India (females per 1000 males) is as follows: Average India sex ratio – 933
Rural sex ratio – 946
Urban sex ratio – 900
State with highest female sex ratio – Kerala – 1058
State with lowest female sex ratio – Haryana – 861

Census ‘01
Sex ratio (females per thousand males)
 
India
933
 
Rural
946
 
Urban
900
State with Highest Female Sex Ratio
Kerala
1,058
State with Lowest Female Sex Ratio
Haryana
861
UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio
Pondicherry
1,001
UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio
Daman & Diu
710
District with Highest Female Sex Ratio
Mahe (Pondicherry)
1,147
District with Lowest Female Sex Ratio
Daman (Daman & Diu)
591

Census ‘11
Sex Ratio
940 females per 1000 males according to 2011 census
Child sex ratio...
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