(a) Explain the difference between natural change and net migration Natural change is the difference between the number of deaths and the number of births in a population, which either shows a natural increase or decrease. Net migration is the difference between the number of immigrants entering the country and the number of emigrants leaving the country. (b) Suggest two reasons for the increase in life expectancy
One reason is development in medical technology, cures are found for illnesses and diseases which this results to people living longer and the decrease of deaths. Another reason is that people considerate of their well-being, they acknowledge their selves on healthy eating and if they have any queries of their health they could easily gain health services from the NHS. (c) Suggest two reasons for the fall in the birth rate
One reason is the rise of feminism, women have more legal rights then they had in the 20th century. For example, it is easier to get divorced, they are able to have abortions and most importantly they were introduced to the contraceptive pills. Women now choose to focus on their selves and their careers rather than following the typical image and expectations of being housewives where they are subservient to their husbands. Another reason is economic liability; in today’s society the expectation of children has increased they want the latest technology devices and the best resources. Therefore looking after children has become more expensive than usual. (d) Examine the reasons for changes in the size and structure of the population of the United Kingdom since the beginning of the 20th Century. There are many factors which influenced the mass and structure of the country. These factors where developed after the beginning of the 20th Century; some of these factors were made by the country and some were made after having a membership with the EU. There are factors which many have decreased the population size as much as increasing...
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