Due date: April 5th, 2006
EDU 326: Sociology of Education
Topic: Explain how poverty, a major risk factor confronting students entering school, can impact Bahamian students in their educational achievement levels.
Like other societies, the Bahamian society believes that today’s children are to achieve at the highest level in education. These children should be ‘the crème of the crop’ if the nation must prosper economically now and in the future. With the urge toward excelling in education from society, society has disregard the multiple risk factors that confronts many of children (our future leaders) entering school; especially, poverty which affects million of children each year all around the world, even in our little country, The Bahamas. This paper seeks to show poverty has affected children entering school and how it can impact Bahamian students in their educational achievement levels. Poverty has remained a burning issue for a long time and for the entire world. No country can say they have zero percent poverty rates in the country. Poverty has not been a new concern for the people of the world, a large number of populations are being affected and situation is getting worse. The concern of today is not only poverty but the increasing poverty of children and the effects that poverty is imposing on the children and their educational achievements. Poverty is defined as “the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions.” The philosopher Paulo Freire was no stranger to this; he came into contact with hunger and poverty at a very young age because at that the world was in economic crisis. Like Freire many of our Bahamian students are in this same situation, due to a lack of finances. Children development is affected - psychological and emotional; self esteem is lowered, students lack confidence, children are abused, their school achievement is hampered and their socio-emotional functioning possibly slowed. Therefore poverty has a greatly impacted on school performance.
Physiology effects of poverty are the greatest on the children. Poverty is one thing that can make anyone to do anything in this world, even murder. A child suffering from the effects of poverty will show the sign of psychologically effects. A recent world wide survey has proved that every year 5,000 children die because of poverty. Therefore, children in a poverty state are constantly worried each second, hour and day of their lives, if they would be next to die or how they would survive their conditions. Additionally, children not getting proper diet, food, nourishments and other basic facilities of life tends to behave in such a manner that they have no hope in the life, the courage to struggle and courage to move in the world towards a better place in the world quickly disappear from them. Poverty affects the emotional health of children. Emotional health is an important parts of overall all health, which has to be as sound and healthy as the overall body. The most adverse effect on the emotional health is due to the emotional and social issues that surrounds the person throughout the entire life. The issue of poverty makes an everlasting emotional impact on the child and it can only get worse if the situation is not rectified. The emotional health issue which poverty can make on the child can be very dangerous for that child. Unlike the physical effects that can be diagnosed and treated easily, the emotional health effects are the most difficult to identify and to resolve. Poverty makes a child emotionally isolated from society (Hashima, L. 1995). A child who sees other children in the urban society are getting each and every basic needs of life without any hassle and he or she is not getting them even after all his or her efforts can become self damaged. Such thinking can make a child emotionally...
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Dubow, E .F. & Ippolito, M. F. (1994). Effects of poverty and quality of the home environment on changes in the academic and behavioral adjustment of elementary school-age children. Journal of Clinical Psychology. Pp.23, 401-412
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