Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom since 1900 (24 Marks)
Birth rates overall has been on the decline, (the amount of live babies born per year per 1000 of the population). There are many reasons for this, one of the main ones being the changes in women’s positions. Women are now seen as more legally equal to men, they are now allowed to vote with no animosities held against them, also they now get paid to work which allows them to provide for themselves and their families and not be dependent on men. Although feminists would say that women do not get equal pay and are discriminated against because of their sex there are laws that are ‘supposed’ to outlaw this unequal behaviour. There are different forms of contraception and an increase of them which allows women to be in control of their own fertility this adds to there being a decline in births. Births are also decreasing due to the fact that society is now more child-centred. Childhood is socially constructed to be such an important part of a human beings life therefore women have fewer children to concentrate on and can focus their time and money on less kids than if they were to have had more. This leads to the fact that children are now seen as an economic liability, it is much more expensive to look after one child let alone six. However having fewer children increases the aging population so the burden will be heavier on those that work; on the other hand it decreases the dependency ratio because although the population is aging the amount of the young population will decrease because there are fewer young people being brought into the world; this then leads to a smaller working population so eventually over time it will rise again. In 2001 there was a slight increase in births due to a high increase of migration into the UK; immigrants are more likely to have a higher fertility rate this explains why there was a spike in the birth rate. In the UK the death rate...
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