Aging and Disability Worksheet
University of Phoenix
February 23, 2014
Associate Program Material
Aging and Disability Worksheet
Identify 2 or 3 issues faced by the aging population.
Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society? Ageism is prejudice and discrimination against older adults. (Schaefer, 2012) It is a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify age based prejudice, discrimination, and subordination. This may be casual or systematic. The term was coined in 1969 by Robert Neil Butler to describe discrimination against seniors, and patterned on sexism and racism. Butler defined ageism as a combination of three connected elements. Among them were prejudicial attitudes towards older people, old age, and the aging process; discriminatory practices against older people; and institutional practices and policies that perpetuate stereotypes about older people. The term has also been used to describe prejudice and discrimination against adolescents and children, including ignoring their ideas because they are too young, or assuming that they should behave in certain ways because of their age. (Knowlegebase, 2013)
What is the Age Discriminitation in Employment Act (ADEA)? How does the ADEA address issues for the aging population? The federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which went into effect in 1968, was passed to protect workers 40 years of age or older from being fired because of their age and replaced with younger workers who presumably would receive lower salaries. The Supreme Court strengthened federal protection against age discrimination in 1996, ruling unanimously that such lawsuits can be successful even if an older worker is replaced by someone older than 40. Consequently, if a firm unfairly fires a 65-year-old employee to make way for a 45-year-old, this still can constitute age discrimination. (Schaefer, 2012) Research shows that before the enactment of the ADEA, there was evidence of hiring discrimination against older workers as well as discrimination in promotions and training. Even with the ADEA, age continues to work against many older people, as evidenced by how long it takes them to find employment, the wage loss they experience when they do become reemployed, and the size of court awards to victims of age discrimination (He, Sengupta, Velkoff, and DeBarros 2005). (Schaefer, 2012)
What is being done to address the issues you identified?
Courts have upheld the right to lay off older workers for economic reasons. Critics contend that later the same firms hire younger, cheaper workers to replace experienced older workers. When economic growth began to slow in 2001 and companies cut back on their workforces, complaints of age bias grew sharply as older workers began to suspect they were bearing a disproportionate share of the layoffs. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, between 1999 and 2004, complaints of age discrimination rose more than 41 percent. However, evidence of a countertrend has emerged. Some firms have been giving larger raises to older workers to encourage their retirement at the higher salary—a tactic that prompts younger workers to complain of age discrimination (Novelli 2004; Uchitelle 2003). (Schaefer, 2012)
Is the number of aging population expected to rise in numbers or decrease? The number of aging population is expected to increase, according to the Administration on Aging: Aging Statistics. The older population--persons 65 years or older--numbered 39.6 million in 2009 (the latest year for which data is available). They represented 12.9% of the U.S. population, about one in every eight Americans. By 2030, there will be about 72.1 million older persons, more than twice...
References: Aging, A. o. (2013). Aging Statistics. Retrieved from Administration on Aging: http://www.aoa.gov/Aging_Statistics/
Knowlegebase, W. (2013). Retrieved from Weegy.com: http://www.weegy.com/Home.aspx?Id=SearchPage&SpAccountId=DANIELLE&SpComment=how%20does%20ageism%20influence%20the%20presence%20of%20diversity%20in%20society&SpPage=1&SpEnter=1&SpMode=0
Schaefer, R. T. (2012). Racial and Ethnic Groups. Merrill Prentice Hall.
tonihansberry. (2012). Ethics Appendix I. Toni Hansberry. Retrieved February 23, 2014, from http://www.scribd.com/doc/100148274/Ethics-Appendix-I
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