PSY 220 /Jill Van Allen
March 15th, 2015
University of Phoenix
Self esteem can be defined in many different ways. I happen to look at it very simple, I think that self-esteem means the way a person feels about their self, and individual standards. I also believe it is the way we as people appraise our emotional being in the world compared to others, and the way we function in relationships (meaning the we act and treat others), and what is considered acceptable or what is not. The thing I learned about self-esteem, is that it is influenced by various factors, including culture, personal observations, atmosphere and perceptions. According to our textbook “contingencies of self-worth is a domain or category of outcome on which a person has staked his or her self- esteem, or that a person’s view of his or her value or worth depends on perceived successes or failures or adherence to self- standards in that domain.” (Positive Psychology, Baumgardner and Crothers, page 191, 2009) Basically, contingencies of self- worth, means that this is the base level of self- esteem, wanting the approval of others and use this as a guide for person’s behavior. These contingencies are wrapped into the measurement of their own self worth or on the other end their insignificance as an individual. Having a high self-esteem can be a great thing, if it is pursued in a healthy way. Chasing a high self-esteem can be very harmful when a person neglects their personal growth, respect or takes unnecessary risks to satisfy self-esteem over challenging oneself, valuing morals or risking a negative outcome. Many people think that threats to a person's self-esteem can be harmful too, but it's quite the contrary. Threats to a persons self-esteem can be helpful when they bring about positive results. In conclusion, having a high self- esteem means that you have a high opinion of yourself. Having a healthy...
References: Steve R. Baumgardner, & Marie K. Crothers. (2009). Chapter 9: Positive Traits. In Positive Psychology (1st ed., pp. 176-202). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document