China's Population Problems

Topics: Demography, Population, Total fertility rate Pages: 3 (1182 words) Published: October 27, 2012
In 1998 it was estimated that China’s tremendous population of 1.295 billion people made up 20% of the world’s population, being the world’s most populous country during that time and still remains most populous today. Although there are many known benefits from a growing and large population such as technological advancement and increased labour, it also carries with it numerous adverse effects. A prime example of how large populations may cause problems is through China. China being the largest populated country today, it faces many problems in relation to the environment, unemployment and poverty, and life expectancy. China’s many attempts to combat their population problem has been successful to some extent but it has also brought along with it new complications which still remain a relevant and controversial issue to this day. It is blatantly obvious that a large population or overpopulation causes environmental problems; China suffers many environmental problems due to its massive population. With the number of individuals residing in China, the amount of waste produced by the country is extremely high. China contributed for more than 20% of CO2 emissions each year, amounting up to 7 billion metric tonnes of CO2 annually. Overpopulation leads to many negative issues within a country. Due to its large population China has an issue with poor health of individuals and poor sustainability. The ever increasing population far outweighs that of medical and healthcare services available to the public. Lack of viable employment opportunities also arose as an issue, with too many employees and too little employers. In addition, the issue of overpopulation also drastically affects the education and schooling of citizens. China has a population of over 1.3 billion individuals, yet there are only around thirty thousand undergraduate and graduate spots at the country’s elite learning institution available for enrolment. Competition is fierce and majority of students...
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