CHILD DEVELOPMENT FROM AGES

Topics: Infant, Source, Reflexes Pages: 7 (2896 words) Published: February 15, 2015
CHILD DEVELOPMENT FROM AGES
BIRTH TO 19 YEARS
Each child is unique and their development can be measured in a number of different ways as well as been continuous from birth to 19 years of age. Due to the fact that children develop at different rates, the sequence in which they do develop is merely the same as they would need to have developed in one skill before they can more onto another area of development. A child would not have learnt how to walk until they have learnt how to crawl and not have learnt how to run until they have learnt how to walk. It is good to note that physically when a child is born they begin to develop their strength from top to bottom, inside and out and use small muscles to large muscles. This is a sequence that all human beings follow, but the rate in which we all develop can vary somewhat, which can be noted if a person is born with a disability. A wide range of opportunities and activities is required in order to promote a child’s development. Mentally when they are born their tiny brains are ready and eager to learn and they have a great potential for development. The earlier that they positive experiences the greater the influence on the way that the child would develop. ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

Physical(P)
Communication(C)
Intellectual / Cognitive(INT / COG)
Social, Emotional and Behavioural(SEB)
Moral(M)
AT BIRTH
P – Babies are born with many different reflexes such as:
Swallowing and Suckling Reflexes – which makes certain that the new born can feed and swallow milk when hungry and at feeding times Rooting Reflexes – This helps the new born to find the mothers nipple or teat for milk if their cheeks are touched as they move their head forward for feeding from the teat or nipple Grasp Reflex – When a finger or an object is put into the palm of a babies hand, they would automatically grasp their tiny fingers around the item (usually with a tight and firm grasp) Startle Reflex – A baby would usually jerk or jump at the sound of a loud bang (such as a door which has been closed hard). They may also clench their fists or move their hands forward at the sound of sudden noise or a bright light. Walking and Standing Reflex – If babies are held up right securely and their feet are on a firm surface, they would usually try and make movements to step forward. C – Due to the fact that babies cannot talk in order to make you aware of what is wrong with them, they communicate by crying when they are tired, if their nappies are soiled or wet for a long period of time and needs changing, distressed, hungry or generally not feeling well COG – Babies are aware of their mother and can tell them by their smell or by their voice SEB - Babies would have a close contact with their primary carer especially when feeding Gross Motor Skills may include head turning towards light

Fine Motor Skills may include gazing at familiar face (eg: mothers) BABIES AT 1 MONTH
P – Babies start to startle less and they are beginning to become familiar with the sounds around them and they are beginning to look less curled up in their frame C – Babies begin to coo and make gurgling sounds when happy and contented COG – Babies will stop crying when they hear a familiar voice. Baby may also begin to look closely at actions such as a musical mobile above the cot as it is in close area of vision SEB - Smiles of contentment may begin and babies may begin to have fleeting smiles in their sleep. Babies may start to smile from five weeks old. They are totally dependent on others BABIES AT 3 MONTHS

P – Baby may start to lift their head while lying on their back for several minutes. If sitting with support, baby may hold their head steady and erect. C – Baby is likely to start babbling by now. They will smile back when they see a smiley face COG – While lying on their back baby may kick feet and play with fists in the air when watching musical mobiles above their cot. They start to have recognition of objects...
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