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Topics: Demography, Population, Human Development Index Pages: 5 (1129 words) Published: March 28, 2014
Analyzing a Population Pyramid

Use the Census Bureau website to complete the chart below for the assigned Complete the table for each selected country
Country: Brazil
Demographic Variable
Value
Birth Rate (per 1,000)
 3.009
Death Rate (per 1,000)
 1.309
Natural Increase (%)
 0.8
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births)
 20
Total Fertility Rate
 1.8
Population 65 yrs. (%)
 ???
Life Expectancy at Birth (male/female)
 73
Urban Population (%)
 85
GNP/capita (U.S.$)
 10,152

Country: Argentina

Demographic Variable
Value
Birth Rate (per 1,000)
 0.729
Death Rate (per 1,000)
 0.313
Natural Increase (%)
 1.0
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births)
 10
Total Fertility Rate
 2.3
Population 65 yrs. (%)
 ???
Life Expectancy at Birth (male/female)
 77
Urban Population (%)
 93
GNP/capita (U.S.$)
 15,347

1. Using the population pyramids that you created and the data table of Demographic Variables compare the demographic variables and the pyramid for the country. Describe how the shape of the pyramid reflects the demographic Variables. Using each variable explain how it relates to the shape of the pyramid. For the country of Brazil, the demographic variables displayed in the chart correspond with the population pyramids I created for the year of 2013. In the population pyramid, the base begins a little under 4 for both male and female, then gradually increases making the pyramid wider simultaneously. By the age ranges of 30 and up, the population decreases (both male and female) creating a cone shape at the top. Similar to Brazil’s pyramid shape, Argentina’s demographic variables displayed in the chart correspond with the population pyramids I created for the year of 2013. The pyramid base begins wide just above 4 on both sides then slightly decreases. At the age range of 30 and up, both male and female population decreases gradually creating a cone shape at the top.

The shape of the pyramids reflects the demographic variables because both the pyramid and the demographic variables are solely based on the male and female population of the countries. Since the birth/death ratio is positive for both countries, this can be reflected in the population pyramids due to the high population of males and females in the age groups. Similar to the birth/death ratio, the natural increase of Brazil and Argentina are both positive and it can be displayed by the gradual increase of male and female population from the ages of 0-30. The relatively low infant mortality rates can be seen due to the high population of babies through the age group of 0-4 on both the population pyramids. Just like the infant mortality rates, the total fertility rates contribute to the base of the pyramid from ages 0-4. The high life expectancies for both countries can be visible on the pyramids due to the drastic decrease in male/female population from ages 70 and older. Both Argentina and Brazil’s population is congested in urban areas which reflects the high male/female population on the pyramids. Lastly, the GNP of both countries is high which reflects on the overall growth in population. Both countries are financially stable, allowing growth as a population.

2. Determine each countries level of development in the country. Use the Human Development Index to evaluate development. How does the HDI relate to the type of the pyramid? Argentina is ranked 45th for most developed country in the world. Its level of development is relatively average amongst other countries in the world. Argentina’s HDI is 0.811. Only 0.011% of the countries citizens live in poverty which is quite surprising. On average, about 9.3 years of schooling is completed by adults in Argentina. Argentina’s income index is 0.743 and its non-income HDI value is 0.848. Lastly, Argentina’s inequality-adjusted HDI value is 0.65. Brazil on the other hand is ranked 85th most developed country in the world. Its level...
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