Assignment 1

Topics: Discrimination, Self-esteem, Developmental psychology Pages: 24 (6548 words) Published: June 28, 2013
Assignment 1

You will notice that you need to look in different course books for some of the information and not all unit evidence correspond to the matching unit number

Please answer all questions accurately and include sufficient information to show a sound understanding of the question

You must complete the learner declaration below

Your written work should reflect your own thoughts, ideas and understanding of the question and not be copied from other sources

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Full name Elle McGregor-Colman

Address 12 Malmesbury Road
Chippenham
Wiltshire
SN15 1PW

Student number EB1051725

Unit / Title - Understanding development and supporting equality, diversity and inclusion

Question 1

a. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years

From the very moment a baby is born, they are continually growing, developing and learning. All children follow a similar pattern of development, however, it can be at a different rate. A child’s milestones can be measured through various aspects of development, such as physical, cognitive, language, emotional and social skills.

Below is a guide to how milestones are measured, and the relevant age ranges:

0 - 6 months
Physical
Turn head towards noise or movement
Smile at familiar faces and voices
Lifts head briefly
Put everything in their mouths
Reaches up for an object
Cognitive
Gains comfort from sucking objects such as a dummy or a finger Learns through touch when feeding
Watches mother whilst feeding
Language
Responds to sounds and music
Responds to carers voice
Imitates carers facial expressions
Makes little ‘happy’ sounds such as cooing
Different cries for feeding, nappy changing, hungry, etc
Emotional and social
Responds to mothers face when feeding
Becomes peaceful when held or cuddled
Smiles when wanting play attention

6 - 12 months
Physical
Go from sitting with support to sitting alone
Turn when their name is called
Starts to crawl or shuffle
Rolls over from tummy to their back
Holds arms up to be picked up
Cognitive
Enjoys repetition of songs and rhymes
Learns to go around, under or over objects
Enjoys books with big pictures
Language
Laughs when happy
Shows feeling by laughing or crying
Starts to babble
Starts to use one word at a time such as no, yes or bye bye

Emotional and social
Plays games like Peek - a - boo
Is affectionate with people they know
Can be wary of strangers

1 - 2 years
Physical
Starts to walk
Starts to feed themselves
Holds crayon and is able to make marks on a piece of paper
Shakes head to mean ‘no’
Crawls up the stairs
Cognitive
Enjoys turning pages in a book
Learns to match up objects by colour or size
Imitates your actions with a doll such as feeding or giving them a bottle Language
Points to pictures or parts of the body they recognise
Understands key words
Starts to copy carers when they speak
Can use 30 to 150 words
Emotional and social
Performs to please people
Plays well with other children
Can be distracted to avoid misbehaviour
Can become upset and anxious if separated from known person

2 - 3 years
Physical
Kicks a ball
Throws a ball
Kneels down when playing
Can use pencil crayons to make marks on a piece of paper
Builds tall constructions with blocks
Cognitive
Vivid imagination such as imaginary friends and pretend play Learns to count and understand numbers
Can understand simple stories
Language
Uses words to make a sentence
Can sing well known songs and rhymes
Begins asking questions like ‘why?’
Can use 150 plus words
Emotional and social
Becomes more confident and independent
Likely to have tantrums
Unlikely to share with others
Becomes jealous if attention shown elsewhere

3 - 5 years
Physical
Walks on...
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