Assessing and Addressing Offender Behaviour

Topics: Alcoholic beverage, Crime, Alcoholism Pages: 7 (5078 words) Published: October 25, 2014
Abbott notes the importance of integrating theory and practice by asserting that professional expert knowledge, discretion and judgement rest at the interface between the work or tasks involved and the skill achieved through on-the-job training and practice and the abstract knowledge or theory that underpin this (Abbott 1988). This assignment will focus on a specific case (MS) that I have supervised during my traineeship and I will demonstrate my ability to assess, supervise, plan, intervene, review and evaluate a case by following the ASPIRE model of case management (Home Office 2005). MSs offence of theft was of an acquisitive nature, he stole a pair of trainers to sell on in order to fund his alcohol misuse. MS was sentenced at Rotherham Magistrates Court, for an offence of theft and was made subject to a twelve month Community Order under the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The following two requirements were imposed MS must attend Supervision to address his offending behaviour and an Alcohol Treatment Requirement to address his alcohol misuse. The reasons given behind this were that such a sentence would allow him to work with a Probation Officer in respect of the rehabilitation element. This proposal fits neatly with the anti-custody values of the Probation Service whose underlying concern is to deal with offenders in constructive ways which do not damage or degrade them. This is also related to other probation values of client self-determination and potential for change (Williams B 1995). Probation Orders are seen as punishments in themselves. Wasik and Taylor assert that the Criminal Justice Act 1991 introduced the Probation Order as a sentence of the court in its own right (Wasik and Taylor 1991 Pg48). Dunbar and Langdon argue that this Act was passed at a time when a major aim or criminal justice policy was to reduce prison numbers and ensure that sentences and the public saw community sentences as a viable option (Dunbar and Langdon 1998 Pg74). The main aims of the NPS are to protect the public, reduce re-offending, provide appropriate punishment to offenders and to rehabilitate them by ensuring that offenders are aware of the effects of their crimes on their victims and the public (Ward et al, 2002). The aforementioned aims are different to the previous ethos of advise, assist and befriend which highlights the current shift to public protection. It is significant that protection of the public is the primary aim of rehabilitation. The shift of values and strategy from a more social work ethos to a public protection ethos proved to be a great challenge for many probation service staff to adapt to. This may have been because there was now the question of consciously addressing who the client was. Traditionally this was the offender, since the services role was to help and rehabilitate. However, with the change in strategy meant the protection of the victim or public was also the core issue. It is understood that in order to protect the public, offenders necessarily had to be rehabilitated. According to Garland (1997), it is the future victims who are now rescued by rehabilitative work, rather than the offenders themselves I initially assessed MS at the Pre-Sentence Report stage. A Pre-sentence report (PSR) interview is the first stage in the assessment of the offender and involves, gathering and analyzing information in order to ascertain the level and type of risk posed by, and the criminogenic needs of, an individual offender (Chapman and Hough, 1998, pg24). I perused through MSs Crown Prosecution disclosures for the current offence of theft and antecedents before the Pre-Sentence interview. MSs antecedents showed that there were 2 previous convictions for theft recorded against him he disclosed to me that these offences were also committed whilst he was under the influence of alcohol therefore I concluded and that this was not an isolated offence but a pattern of offending behaviour emerging. The...
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