About Orissa

Topics: Population, Demography, Sex Pages: 5 (1583 words) Published: February 18, 2013
Orissa Review (Census Special)

formation of the state almost entirely on the East side and a part on the North. On the north-west border is the Kandhamal and on the west lays the Rayagada district. The entire south of the district is surrounded by the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, which also encircles a bit of the eastern boundary of the district. The district headquarters town Parlakhemundi, is in fact situated very close to the southern boundary of the district which is almost at a distance of less than 5 kms from the borders of the Andhra Pradesh. The new district of Gajapati is constituted of two towns and 1,619 villages spread over 7 C.D blocks. It has 5 lakhs population of which male constitutes 49.23 percent and females 50.77 percent. The population growth rate during the last decade of the twentieth century is 1.4 annually.The area of the district is 4325 sq/km and thus, population density works out to be 120. Sex ratio(females per 1000 males) works out to be 1031 considering the total population of each sex and that for population of 0-6 years it is 964 indicating relatively very high deficit of females at younger ages. The percentage of population in age group 0-4 years is 11.83 percent and that of age group 5-14 years is 26.17 percent. The population in the working age group of 15-59 is 55.29 percent and old age group and 107

Orissa was formed as a separate province on the 1st of April, 1936 drawing the Oriya speaking areas from different provinces like Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar. The then Orissa Province consisted of only six districts namely Cuttack, Puri, Baleswar, Sambalpur, Ganjam and Koraput and 26 erstwhile Garjats. Consequent upon the creation of a separate state, the areas of the Gajapati district was detached from the territory of Andhra Pradesh under Madras Presidency and merged with the new Orissa on the date of its creation and as a part of the Ganjam district. In August 1956, the Parlakhemundi sub-division was created comprising two tahsils such as Parlakhemundi and R. Udaygiri, which, in fact, cover the entire area of the present Gajapati. As such, this district remained as a part of Ganjam upto its creation as a separate district. Among the southern districts of Orissa, Gajapati lies between 18o45' to 19o40' degree North latitude and in between 83o50' to 84o25' East longitude. This is a district the major part of which is hilly and with undulated topography. This district is bounded by Ganjam, the parent district of which it was a part since the December - 2010

Orissa Review (Census Special)

age not stated group together constitute 6.71 percent. The age group wise distribution provides an idea of dependency burden and helps in planning of welfare services and business products. The district has 10.19 percent population enumerated in areas classified as urban. The major towns are Parlakhemundi(M), Kashinagara (NAC) having 43,097, 9,791 in respective order. The major religions in the district are Hindu (65.78 percent), Christian (33.47 percent), Buddhists (0.38) indicating although Hindu predominance is there Christians are a major discernible group. The scheduled caste population of the district constitute 7.50 percent and among them the major caste groups are Pan Pano (32.11 percent), Dhoba (14.01 percent) and Mala etc. (9.49 percent ). The scheduled tribes account for 50.78 percent population of the district and Khond (14.86 percent) Saora etc.(32.21 percent) and Shabar(50.84 percent) are the largest tribal groups in the district. The district has 1.75 lakhs literates of which 1.13 lakhs are males and 0.61 lakhs are females. The total literacy rate works out to be 41.26 percent, the male literacy rate being 54.71 percent and female rate 28.42 indicating substantial gender gap in literacy. Statistics on population reporting attainment of different educational levels reveal some interesting facets. Population with Graduate degree...
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