World Cultures Final Exam Guide

Topics: Culture, Population, Demography Pages: 4 (763 words) Published: September 17, 2013
Chapter 1: Diversity Amid Globalization

Globalization-The growing interconnectedness of people through converging processes of economic, political, and cultural change Hybridization-The blending of popular culture with local cultural traditions Pro-globalization-

Anti-globalization-
Cultural Geography- study of cultural products and norms and their variations across and relations to spaces and places. It focuses on describing and analyzing the ways language, religion, economy, government and other cultural phenomena Rate of natural increase- crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population Total fertility rate-population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime Urbanization- movement of people from rural areas to urban areas Urban Primary- a city that dominates the urban system and is the center of economic, political and cultural life Squatter settlements- makeshift housing on land not legally owned Nation state- relatively homogeneous cultural group with its own political territory Culture-Learned or shared behavior by a group of people empowering them with a distinct "way of life" Cultural imperialism-The act of promotion of one cultural system at the expense of another Cultural syncretism blending of two or more cultures

MDC- More developed countries
LDC- Less developed countries
Indicators of social development-
* Life Expectancy at birth
* Under Age 5 Mortality
* Percent Illiteracy (Ages 15 and up)
* Female Labor Force
Ethnocentrism-
Homogeneous culture- everyone has similar income, religious preferences, and political views Heterogeneous culture- diverse income, religious preferences, and political views

Chapter 2: The Changing Global Environment
Dessertification- spread of desert-like conditions into semi-arid areas Causes:
* Overgrazing
* Agriculture
* Destruction of plants in Dry Lands
* Incorrect Irrigation
Effects:
* Soil becomes less usable
*...
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