1. What is the nature of self-esteem, how does it develop, and what are its consequences?
The nature of self-esteem is the experience of feeling competent to cope with the basic challenges in life and of being worthy of happiness. Self-esteem is developed from a variety of life experiences, many of them being from early life. Childhood experiences are key to developing long term healthy or low self-esteem. A person’s success and failures also play a role in development. Experiences later in life have less of an effect on overall self-esteem. Positive consequences of self-esteem can include good mental health, profiting from negative feedback, career success, and organizational prosperity. Negative consequences can include envying too many people, and poor romantic relationships when self-esteem is low.
2. How does a person enhance his or her self-esteem?
Attain legitimate accomplishments, be aware of personal strengths, minimize settings and interactions that detract from your feelings of competence, talk and socialize frequently with people who boost your self-esteem, and model the behavior of people with high self-esteem.
3. How does a person develop and strengthen his or her self-confidence?
Ways to strengthen/develop self-confidence include taking an inventory of personal assets and accomplishments, develop a solid knowledge base, use positive self-talk, avoid negative self-talk, use positive visual imagery, set high expectations for yourself(known as the galatea effect), strive for peak performance, behave as if you feel confident, and bounce back from setbacks and embarassments.
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