Hazard Monitoring and Disaster Reduction

Topics: Population density, Population, Disaster Pages: 2 (494 words) Published: April 10, 2014
Hazard Monitoring And Disaster Reduction
It's a global database on natural disasters that contains essential data on the occurrence and effects of more than 17,000 disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies. It's data is primarily used by governments and agencies in charge of relief and recovery after a disaster. In addition to providing information on the human impact of disasters, such as the number of people killed, injured or affected, EM-DAT provides disaster-related economic damage estimates and disaster-specific international aid contributions. For example, it helps policymakers identify disaster types that are most common in a given country and have had significant historical impacts on populations. UNISDR

Its core areas of work includes ensuring disaster risk reduction(DRR) is applied to climate change adaptation, increasing investments for DRR, building disaster-resilient cities, schools and hospitals, and strengthening the international system for DRR. UNISDR also uses data sources like EM-DAT to provide it with the relevant data for a specific disaster or event. UNISDR's vision is integrating DRR into sustainable development policies and planning, developing and strengthening institutions, mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards, and incorporating risk reduction approaches into emergency preparedness, response, and recovery programmes. CRED

Since 1988 the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) has been maintaining the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). The scope of the Centre is defined by those emergency situations with a major human impact. This includes all types of natural disasters (such as cyclone, flood or earthquake) and long-term disasters (such as famine or civil war) as well as situations creating a mass displacement of people...
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